Consideration of kinetics on intermetallics formation in solid-solution high entropy alloys

T. H. Chou, J. C. Huang, C. H. Yang, S. K. Lin, T. G. Nieh

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5 Citations (Scopus)


There are overwhelming experimental observations indicating intermetallic (IM) phase formed in the intermediate temperatures in high entropy alloys. In this study, we proposed a model to show how kinetics could intervene the thermodynamic determination of phase formation. The model offers a good explanation for the prevalent formation of IM formation in the intermediate temperature range in high entropy alloys available in the literature. To further demonstrate the kinetic effect, we selected the equiatomic CrMnFeCoNi alloy (i.e., Cantor Alloy) as a surrogate material and employed differential scanning calorimetry (DSC) at different heating rates to investigate IM formation in this alloy. In this case, we found the presence of four IM compounds, BCC-Cr, L10-NiMn, B2-FeCo, and Cr-rich σ phases, in the temperature ranging from about 200 to 900°C, above which the alloy was a complete solid solution. From the DSC measurements, we were also able to build a quasi-equilibrium TTT diagram for Cantor Alloy. It was the first time that such a TTT diagram was established for a high entropy alloy.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)71-80
Number of pages10
JournalActa Materialia
Publication statusPublished - 2020 Aug 15

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Ceramics and Composites
  • Polymers and Plastics
  • Metals and Alloys

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