The key to content-aware warping and cropping is adapting data to fit displays with various aspect ratios while preserving visually salient contents. Most previous studies achieve this objective by cropping insignificant contents near frame boundaries and consistently resizing frames through an optimization technique with various preservation constraints and fixed boundary conditions. These strategies significantly improve retargeting quality. However, warping under fixed boundary conditions may bound/limit the preservation of visually salient contents. Moreover, dynamic frame cropping and frame alignment may result in unnatural object/camera motions. In this paper, a floating boundary with volumetric warping and object-aware cropping is proposed to address these problems. In the proposed scheme, visually salient objects in the space-time domain are deformed as rigidly and as consistently as possible using information from matched objects and content-aware boundary constraints. The content-aware boundary constraints can retain visually salient contents in a fixed region with a desired resolution and aspect ratio, called critical region, during warping. Volumetric cropping with the fixed critical region is then performed to adjust stereoscopic videos to the desired aspect ratios. The strategies of warping and cropping using floating boundaries and spatiotemporal constraints enable our method to consistently preserve the temporal motions and spatial shapes of visually salient volumetric objects in the left and right videos as much as possible, thus leading to good content-aware retargeting. In addition, by considering shape, motion, and disparity preservation, the proposed scheme can be applied to various media, including images, stereoscopic images, videos, and stereoscopic videos. Qualitative and quantitative analyses of stereoscopic videos with diverse camera and considerable motions demonstrate a clear superiority of the proposed method over related methods in terms of retargeting quality.
|Number of pages||13|
|Journal||IEEE Transactions on Circuits and Systems for Video Technology|
|Publication status||Published - 2016 May|
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Media Technology
- Electrical and Electronic Engineering