This study examined the factor structure and contrasted-group validity of the Wisconsin Card Sorting Test-64 (WCST-64) in a stroke sample (n=112). Confirmatory factor analyses were used to compare five different models suggested by prior factor analyses. The results indicated that the WCST-64 was best represented by a three-dimensional model comprising response inflexibility (factor 1), ineffective hypothesis-testing strategy (factor 2), and set maintenance (factor 3). A significant overall multivariate effect for group (F=2.87, df=18,495.46, p<.001) was found in a multivariate analysis of covariance with WCST scores as dependent variables and four different groups (three stroke subgroups with different levels of cognitive function and a normal control group) as independent variable, after controlling for gender. The results of discriminant analysis supported the use of the WCST-64 in stroke patients with cognitive impairment.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Neuropsychology and Physiological Psychology
- Developmental and Educational Psychology
- Clinical Psychology
- Arts and Humanities (miscellaneous)
- Psychiatry and Mental health