Construction of a Screening Inventory for Major Mental Disorder in the Army

H. C. Ko, R. B. Lu, J. J. Shen, L. Y. Shyu

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3 Citations (Scopus)


The development of a 29-item self-report inventory to screen for non-adaptiveness with an episode or a history of major mental disorder in the army is described. Initially, a 58-item inventory was constructed. However, through a pilot study 46 items remained. The reliability and validity test of the 46-item inventory was then carried out on 357 patients and 126 controls. Firstly, item analyses were performed which showed 12 items that distinguished between schizophrenic patients and controls, 9 items that distinguished between depressive patients and controls and 8 items that distinguished between manic patients and controls. A final 29-item inventory was found to have satisfactory reliability, sensitivity and specificity. The analyses of the best cut-off scores using the receiver-operating-characteristic curve suggested a score of 3 for the Schizophrenia Scale, 2 for the Depression Scale, and 3 for the Mania Scale. The inventory can be completed in about 5 to 10 minutes and has a simple method of scoring. The use of this screening inventory in the army is discussed.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)8-12
Number of pages5
JournalAnnals of the Academy of Medicine Singapore
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 1997 Jan 1

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Medicine(all)


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