Control of separated flow behind a backward-facing step using a two-dimensional oscillating fence installed upstream has been investigated in this work. Parameters of the flow considered included the reduced frequency of the oscillating fence, the distance from the oscillating fence to the backward-facing step, the ratio of the maximum height of the oscillating fence to the step height, and the Reynolds number. It was found that with the experimental parameters properly selected the time-mean reattachment length of the separation region could be reduced over 40%, compared to the case without the presence of an oscillating fence. The evolution of unsteady flow behind a backward-facing step was further studied in detail by a phase-averaging measurement technique. The results obtained indicate that suppression of the separated flow behind the step is mainly due to the downwash motion induced by the vortical structure released upstream from the oscillating fence, when it convects over the step.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Aerospace Engineering