Control of Simian/Human Immunodeficiency Virus Viremia and Disease Progression after IL-2-Augmented DNA-Modified Vaccinia Virus Ankara Nasal Vaccination in Nonhuman Primates

Frederic M.N. Bertley, Pamela A. Kozlowski, Shainn Wei Wang, Joseph Chappelle, Jignesh Patel, Oluwakemi Sonuyi, Gail Mazzara, David Montefiori, Angela Carville, Keith G. Mansfield, Anna Aldovini

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

84 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

A successful HIV vaccine may need to stimulate antiviral immunity in mucosal and systemic immune compartments, because HIV transmission occurs predominantly at mucosal sites. We report here the results of a combined DNA-modified vaccinia virus Ankara (MVA) vaccine approach that stimulated simian/human immunodeficiency virus (SHIV)-specific immune responses by vaccination at the nasal mucosa. Fifteen male rhesus macaques, divided into three groups, received three nasal vaccinations on day 1, wk 9, and wk 25 with a SHIV DNA plasmid producing noninfectious viral particles (group 1), or SHIV DNA plus IL-2/Ig DNA (group 2), or SHIV DNA plus IL-12 DNA (group 3). On wk 33, all macaques were boosted with rMVA expressing SIV Gag-Pol and HIV Env 89.6P, administered nasally. Humoral responses were evaluated by measuring SHIV-specific IgG and neutralizing Abs in plasma, and SHIV-specific IgA in rectal secretions. Cellular responses were monitored by evaluating blood-derived virus-specific INF-γ-secreting cells and TNF-α-expressing CD8+ T cells, and blood- and rectally derived p11C tetramer-positive T cells. Many of the vaccinated animals developed both mucosal and systemic humoral and cell-mediated anti-SHIV immune responses, although the responses were not homogenous among animals in the different groups. After rectal challenge of vaccinated and naive animals with SHIV89.6P, all animals became infected. However a subset, including all group 2 animals, were protected from CD4+ T cell loss and AIDS development. Taken together, these data indicate that nasal vaccination with SHIV-DNA plus IL-2/Ig DNA and rMVA can provide significant protection from disease progression.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)3745-3757
Number of pages13
JournalJournal of Immunology
Volume172
Issue number6
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2004 Mar 15

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Immunology and Allergy
  • Immunology

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