We report herein the first catalytic strategy to harness amidyl radicals derived from N-chloroamides for C-C bond formation, allowing for the discovery of the first catalytic benzylic C-H difluoromethylation. Under copper-catalyzed conditions, a wide variety of N-chlorocarboxamides and N-chlorocarbamates direct selective benzylic C-H difluorome-thylation with a nucleophilic difluoromethyl source at room temperature. This scalable protocol exhibits a broad substrate scope and functional group tolerance, enabling late-stage difluoromethylation of bioactive molecules. This copper-catalyzed, chloroamide-directed strategy has also been extended to benzylic C-H pentafluoroethylation and trifluor-omethylation. Mechanistic studies on the difluoromethylation reactions support that the reactions involve the formation of benzylic radicals via intramolecular C-H activation, followed by the copper-mediated transfer of difluoromethyl groups to the benzylic radicals.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Colloid and Surface Chemistry