Macrophage cell infiltrates in the cornea were examined following ocular herpes simplex virus type 1 (HSV-1) challenge of vaccinated BALB/c mice. Mice were vaccinated with individual HSV-1 glycoproteins, cocktails of different HSV-1 glycoproteins, or live avirulent HSV-1 (strain KOS). Cryostat sections of cornea were taken at different times after challenge and reacted with M1/70, F4/80, BM8, or MOMA-1 monoclonal antibodies. The pattern of macrophage responses in the cornea differed depending on the vaccine that was given prior to HSV-1 ocular challenge. No macrophage response was detected in mice vaccinated with the highly protective 5gPs consisting of the five glycoproteins gB, gC, gD, gE, and gI. In contrast, mock vaccinated mice and mice vaccinated with gK, which is known to exacerbate HSV-1 induced eye disease, had high sustained macrophage responses. Mice vaccinated with 7gPs (5gPs + gG and gH) had moderate levels of macrophages. It appeared that (1) the most effective vaccines induced no detectable infiltrating macrophages in the eyes, while the least efficacious vaccines had very high levels of infiltrating macrophages; (2) presence of CD11b+ cells in the cornea appeared to correlate with enhanced blepharitis, but did not appear to affect corneal scarring; and (3) presence of F4/80+ cells in the cornea tended to correlate with increased corneal scarring.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Molecular Medicine
- Immunology and Microbiology(all)
- Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health
- Infectious Diseases