Crystalline/crystalline blend systems of poly(ethylene oxide) (PEO) and a homologous series of polyesters, from poly(ethylene adipate) to poly(hexamethylene sebacate), of different CH2/CO ratios (from 3.0 to 7.0) were examined. Correlation between interactions, miscibility, and spherulite growth rate was discussed. Owing to proximity of blend constituents' Tg's, the miscibility in the crystalline/crystalline blends was mainly justified by thermodynamic and kinetic evidence extracted from characterization of the PEO crystals grown from mixtures of PEO and polyesters at melt state. By overcoming experimental difficulty in assessing the phase behavior of two crystalline polymers with closely spaced Tg's, this work has further extended the range of polyesters that can be miscible with PEO. The interaction parameters (χ12) for miscible blends of PEO with polyesters [poly(ethylene adipate), poly(propylene adipate), poly(butylene adipate), and poly(ethylene azelate) with CH2/CO = 3.0-4.5] are all negative but the values vary with the polyester structures, with a maximum for the blend of PEO/poly(propylene adipate) (CH2/CO = 3.5). The values of interactions are apparently dependent on the structures of the polyester constituent in the blends; interaction strength for the miscible PEO/polyester systems correlate in the same trend with the PEO crystal growth rates in the blends.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Organic Chemistry
- Polymers and Plastics
- Materials Chemistry