Correlation between melting behavior and ringed spherulites in poly(trimethylene terephthalate)

Pi Ling Wu, Eamor Woo

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

59 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The lamellar types as revealed by the multiple melting peaks and possible mechanisms of ringed spherulites in poly(trimethylene terephthalate) (PTT) were analyzed with differential scanning calorimetry (DSC), optical microscopy, and scanning electron microscopy. Several interesting correlations were found. If PTT is melt-crystallized in a certain temperature range, it shows multiple melting peaks and rings in PTT. Once rings are formed in the original melt-crystallized PTT, they do not disappear but persist and become even more apparent upon postcrystallization annealing at higher temperatures. Furthermore, for PTT that is capable of exhibiting ringed spherulites, a temperature range exists where rings do not form. This behavior can be interpreted in relation with the demonstrated thermal behavior in PTT. Reorganization took place upon postcrystallization scanning or annealing to or at higher temperatures. A postulation was proposed and rigorously tested with evidence to correlate the ringed spherulites and melting behavior. Rings in PTT may be related to multiple lamellae in the spherulites. Consequently, if a temperature of crystallization is selected so that there is only one type of lamella in the spherulites, then there should be no rings.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)80-93
Number of pages14
JournalJournal of Polymer Science, Part B: Polymer Physics
Volume41
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2002 Jan 1

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Physical and Theoretical Chemistry
  • Polymers and Plastics
  • Materials Chemistry

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