Correlation between Orientation Spread and Ear Forming of As-Annealed AA5151 Aluminum Alloy

Shih Chieh Hsiao, Chia Yu Li, Chih I. Chang, Tien Yu Tseng, Yeong Tsuen Pan, Jui Chao Kuo

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


In the present work, we take the influences of activated slip systems and the orientation spread into account to predict the cup height using analytical earing models and compare the predicted results with experimental results. The effect of boundary conditions of the various stress states and the work hardening exponents are compared and discussed for profile of single crystals. A stress ratio of −0.3 and a hardening exponent of 0.3 are selected for the prediction of earing profiles. The combination of activation of the single slip systems and orientation spread provides the best prediction of deep-drawing profiles. With further consideration of the orientation spread, an increase in the total orientation leads to peak-broadening, i.e., broad and smooth ears. Furthermore, the difference of the height between the maximum and minimum value of cup profiles is reduced because of the orientation spread. The profile for C is found with single ear at 45°, while the other components individually reveal double ears at 35° and 50° for S, at 15° and 45° for B, at 0° and 90° for Cube, at 5° and 90° for r-Cube, and at 15° and 90° for G. Herein, simple analytical earing models are proposed to understand the effects of slip systems and the orientation spread. The deep-drawing profiles are predicted with six major texture components.

Original languageEnglish
Article number2408
Issue number6
Publication statusPublished - 2023 Mar

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Materials Science(all)
  • Condensed Matter Physics


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