The actions of corticotropin-releasing hormone (CRH) on steroidogenesis in enriched preparations of mouse and rat Leydig cells were investigated. Primary cultures of purified Leydig cells as well as a Leydig tumor cell line were used in these studies. CRH had a stimulatory effect on steroid production in both isolated preparations of mouse Leydig cells (80-90% Leydig cells) and MA-10 cells (a mouse Leydig tumor cell line). In primary cultures of mouse Leydig cells, CRH was effective over a range of 1 nM-100 nM, while MA-10 cells were responsive over a wider range (10 nM-100 μM). When a submaximal dosage of CRH was given together with a maximal dosage of hCG, steroid production was stimulated even more highly in MA-10 cells. However, when primary cultures of mouse Leydig cells were treated with CRH and hCG, no similar response was observed. In addition, a CRH antagonist, α-helical CRH9-41, reversed the CRH stimulatory effect on steroidogenesis in both mouse Leydig cells and MA-10 cells. The accumulation of intracellular cAMP after CRH treatment was dose-responsive to CRH in both cell types, a finding similar to the results described above for steroid production. CRH had no effect on steroidogenesis in rat Leydig cells (60- 80% Leydig cells) in the present study. These results indicate that mouse Leydig cells respond to CRH through specific receptors with increased production of cAMP and steroids.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Reproductive Medicine
- Cell Biology