Cost-effectiveness of Novel Macrophage-Regulating Treatment for Wound Healing in Patients with Diabetic Foot Ulcers from the Taiwan Health Care Sector Perspective

Hsuan Yu Su, Chen Yi Yang, Huang Tz Ou, Shyi Gen Chen, Jui Ching Chen, Hui Ju Ho, Shihchen Kuo

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Importance: Diabetic foot ulcers (DFUs) and subsequent amputation incur enormous health and economic burdens to patients, health care systems, and societies. As a novel macrophage-regulating drug, ON101 is a breakthrough treatment for DFUs, which demonstrated significant complete wound healing effects in a phase 3 randomized clinical trial, but its economic value remains unknown. Objective: To assess the cost-effectiveness of an ON101 cream added on to general wound care (GWC; ie, conventional treatments for DFUs, which comprised initial and regular foot examinations, ulcer management, comorbidity control, patient education, and multidisciplinary care) vs GWC alone for DFUs from the Taiwan health care sector perspective. Design, Setting, and Participants: This economic evaluation used a hypothetical cohort of patients with diabetes, with characteristics mirroring those of the participants in the ON101 trial. A Markov state-transition simulation model was constructed to estimate costs and health outcomes associated with the ON101 with GWC and GWC alone strategies over a 5-year time horizon, discounting costs and effectiveness at 3% annually. Costs were in 2021 US dollars. Data were sourced from the ON101 trial and supplemented from published literature. Deterministic and probabilistic sensitivity analyses were performed to assess the uncertainty of input parameters and study generalizability. The analysis was designed and conducted from September 1, 2020, to January 31, 2022. Exposures: ON101 with GWC vs GWC alone. Main Outcomes and Measures: DFU-related complications, costs, quality-adjusted life-years (QALYs), and incremental cost-effectiveness ratio. Results: Patients in the hypothetical cohort had a mean age of 57 years and an uninfected DFU of 1 to 25 cm2that was present for 4 or more weeks with a Wagner grade of 1 or 2. Over 5 years, the ON101 with GWC group vs the GWC alone group experienced more healing events, stayed for a longer time in the healing state, and had fewer infected DFUs, gangrene, and amputations (eg, 2787 additional healing events and 2766 fewer infected DFU, 72 fewer amputation, and 7 fewer gangrene events in the ON101 with GWC group vs GWC alone group). The ON101 with GWC strategy vs GWC alone yielded an additional 0.038 QALYs at an incremental cost of $571, resulting in $14922/QALY gained. Economic results were most sensitive to healing efficacy, drug cost, and health utility of the healing state. Cost-saving results were observed in patient subgroups with poor glycemic control, larger ulcer sizes, longer ulcer durations, and current smoking. The ON101 with GWC strategy was considered cost-effective in 60% to 82% of model iterations against willingness-to-pay thresholds of $32787/QALY gained to $98361/QALY gained. Conclusions and Relevance: In this economic evaluation study using a simulated patient cohort, the ON101 with GWC strategy represented good value compared with GWC alone for patients with DFUs from the Taiwan health care sector perspective and may be prioritized for those with high risks for disease progression of DFUs.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)E2250639
JournalJAMA network open
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 2023 Jan 12

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Medicine(all)


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