Combination of active and thermally stable amino acid-functionalized ionic liquids (AAILs) with high surface area and porosity of mesocellular silica foams (MCF) to form a robust CO2 sorbent is investigated in this study. These sorbent composites (MCF-x) are synthesized by immobilizing three AAILs (Gly, Lys, and Arg) into MCF by a simple wet-impregnation method. The prepared AAILs and MCF-x sorbents are characterized by N2 adsorption/desorption, small-angle X-ray scattering (SAXS), elemental analysis (EA), and Fourier-transformed infrared (FTIR) spectroscopies. Their corresponding CO2 sorption–desorption performance at 348 K under ambient pressure using dry 15 % CO2 is also studied. The obtained results show that the AAILs have low CO2 sorption capacities and rates because of their high viscosities. The MCF-x sorbents, however, exhibit remarkable enhancement of sorption capacities and fast kinetics. Among these sorbents, MCF-Lys possesses the superior sorption capacity of 1.38 mmolCO2/gsorbent, the higher tolerance to water moisture and much better long-term durability which may be a promising sorbent for CO2 capture applications.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Environmental Engineering
- Environmental Chemistry
- Ecological Modelling
- Water Science and Technology