Counterflow diffusion flames of general fluids: Oxygen/hydrogen mixtures

Guillaume Ribert, Nan Zong, Vigor Yang, Laetitia Pons, Nasser Darabiha, Sébastien Candel

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

126 Citations (Scopus)


A comprehensive framework has been established for studying laminar counterflow diffusion flames for general fluids over the entire regime of thermodynamic states. The model incorporates a unified treatment of fundamental thermodynamic and transport theories into an existing flow solver DMCF to treat detailed chemical kinetic mechanisms and multispecies transport. The resultant scheme can thus be applied to fluids in any state. Both subcritical and supercritical conditions are considered. As a specific example, diluted and undiluted H2/O2 flames are investigated at pressures of 1-25 MPa and oxygen inlet temperatures of 100 and 300 K. The effects of pressure p and strain rate ε{lunate}s on the heat release rate over(q, ̇)s, extinction limit, and flame structure are examined. In addition, the impact of cross-diffusion terms, such as the Soret and Dufour effects, on the flame behavior is assessed. Results indicate that the flame thickness δf and heat release rate correlate well with the square root of the pressure multiplied by the strain rate as δf ∼ 1 / sqrt(p ε{lunate}s) and over(q, ̇)s ∼ sqrt(p ε{lunate}s), respectively. The strain rate at the extinction limit exhibits a quasi-linear dependence on p. Significant real-fluid effects take place in the transcritical regimes, as evidenced by the steep property variations in the local flowfield. However, their net influence on the flame properties appears to be limited due to the ideal-gas behavior of fluids in the high-temperature zone.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)319-330
Number of pages12
JournalCombustion and Flame
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - 2008 Aug

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Chemistry(all)
  • Chemical Engineering(all)
  • Fuel Technology
  • Energy Engineering and Power Technology
  • Physics and Astronomy(all)


Dive into the research topics of 'Counterflow diffusion flames of general fluids: Oxygen/hydrogen mixtures'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this