Counterflow diffusion flames of oxygen and n-alkane hydrocarbons (CH 4-C16H34) at subcritical and supercritical conditions

Xingjian Wang, Hongfa Huo, Vigor Yang

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32 Citations (Scopus)


This article presents an investigation of counterflow diffusion flames of oxygen and nalkanes (CH4-C16H34) over the entire thermodynamic fluid regime and a wide range of flow strain rates. The formulation incorporates fundamental thermodynamics and transport theories, along with detailed chemistry. An improved two-point flame-controlling continuation method is employed to capture the complete flame response along the S-curve. Two selected members of the n-alkane family, methane and n-heptane, are studied in detail. The results confirm that the flame thickness (δ) and the global heat-release rate (?q) of oxygen/hydrocarbon systems are closely related to the pressure-weighted strain rate, δ 1/ √ pa and ?q √ pa. The latter correlation is further modified to account for the pressure effect on peak flame temperature, ?q p0.536 √ a for the oxygen/methane system, ?q p0.534 √ a for the oxygen/n-heptane system. The inlet temperature appears to have a negligible effect on flame characteristics. General similarities are developed in the mixturefraction space in terms of flame temperature, species concentrations, flame thickness, and heat-release rate for all pressures under consideration. This suggests that the flame behaviors at high pressure can be evaluated by their counterpart at low pressure. The common features for the n-alkane family are identified. The flame properties of a given hydrocarbon fuel can be predicted from those of another hydrocarbon fuel at the same flow conditions. The results contribute to the establishment of a tabulated chemistry library for the modeling of supercritical combustion of oxygen and hydrocarbon fuels.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)60-82
Number of pages23
JournalCombustion science and technology
Issue number1-2
Publication statusPublished - 2015 Jan 1

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Chemistry(all)
  • Chemical Engineering(all)
  • Fuel Technology
  • Energy Engineering and Power Technology
  • Physics and Astronomy(all)


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