COUP-TFII inhibits TGF-β-induced growth barrier to promote prostate tumorigenesis

Jun Qin, San Pin Wu, Chad J. Creighton, Fangyan Dai, Xin Xie, Chiang Min Cheng, Anna Frolov, Gustavo Ayala, Xia Lin, Xin Hua Feng, Michael M. Ittmann, Shaw Jenq Tsai, Ming Jer Tsai, Sophia Y. Tsai

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

111 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Mutations in phosphatase and tensin homologue (PTEN) or genomic alterations in the phosphatidylinositol-3-OH kinase-signalling pathway are the most common genetic alterations reported in human prostate cancer. However, the precise mechanism underlying how indolent tumours with PTEN alterations acquire metastatic potential remains poorly understood. Recent studies suggest that upregulation of transforming growth factor (TGF)-β signalling triggered by PTEN loss will form a growth barrier as a defence mechanism to constrain prostate cancer progression, underscoring that TGF-β signalling might represent a pre-invasive checkpoint to prevent PTEN-mediated prostate tumorigenesis. Here we show that COUP transcription factor II (COUP-TFII, also known as NR2F2), a member of the nuclear receptor superfamily, serves as a key regulator to inhibit SMAD4-dependent transcription, and consequently overrides the TGF-β-dependent checkpoint for PTEN-null indolent tumours. Overexpression of COUP-TFII in the mouse prostate epithelium cooperates with PTEN deletion to augment malignant progression and produce an aggressive metastasis-prone tumour. The functional counteraction between COUP-TFII and SMAD4 is reinforced by genetically engineered mouse models in which conditional loss of SMAD4 diminishes the inhibitory effects elicited by COUP-TFII ablation. The biological significance of COUP-TFII in prostate carcinogenesis is substantiated by patient sample analysis, in which COUP-TFII expression or activity is tightly correlated with tumour recurrence and disease progression, whereas it is inversely associated with TGF-β signalling. These findings reveal that the destruction of the TGF-β-dependent barrier by COUP-TFII is crucial for the progression of PTEN-mutant prostate cancer into a life-threatening disease, and supports COUP-TFII as a potential drug target for the intervention of metastatic human prostate cancer.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)236-240
Number of pages5
JournalNature
Volume493
Issue number7431
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2013 Jan 10

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • General

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