The covalent organic framework (COF) is made light elements linked by covalent networks. This study synthesize and characterized, and for the first time applied the produced EB-COF:Br as adsorbent for phosphate and arsenate removal from nearly neutral waters. The synthesized COF was first proven structurally stable in solutions of 75% H3PO4, 6 M HCl, or 6 M NaOH. Then the phosphate adsorption onto the EB-COF:Br was shown to be an endothermic process with maximum adsorption capacity at 25, 35 and 45 °C as 25.3, 34.7 and 35.3 mg/g COF, respectively; and the corresponding arsenate adsorption process being an exothermic process with maximnum adsorption capacity as 53.1, 27.5 and 5.1 mg/g, respectively. The synthesized COF could also effectively adsorb phosphate and arsenate ions from river water (pH 7.45) but at reduced adsorption capacities. The electrostatic interactions between the negative charge on phosphate or arsenate ions and the positively charged ([dbnd]N+–) of COF, and the hydrogen bondings between H atom on phosphate or arsenate ions and the (–C[dbnd]O) group of COF were the dominating mechanisms for the present adsorption process. The strong electrostatic interactions for arsenate contributed to its higer adsorption capacity than noted for phosphate at 25 °C. However, the disturbed hydrogen bonding induced by mismatched sizes of arsenate ion and the adsorption sites surrounded by the ([dbnd]N+–) and the (–C[dbnd]O) groups reduced the stability of arsenate to against temperature and external anion challenges. The use of the EB-COF; Br as industrial adsorbent was also discussed.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Environmental Engineering
- Environmental Chemistry
- Health, Toxicology and Mutagenesis