Due to its high speed and low latency, D2D communication plays an important role in providing proximity data services in 5G systems, which may contain privacy sensitive data. Covert communication is useful to protect the privacy of user data against adversaries. In a D2D underlaying cellular network, an antenna array can be used at a base station (BS) to transmit artificial noise to confuse adversaries that try to detect D2D covert signals. Based on the numbers of antennas at BS, two covert schemes are presented in this work and their performances are evaluated in terms of D2D covert throughput, i.e., maximum achievable D2D data rate with the given covertness requirements. As only channel distribution information (CDI) of adversary links is known to the BS, the average minimum error probability (AMEP) is used as a metric to measure the covertness performance. In the proposed schemes, closed-form expressions of the minimum AMEP and achievable D2D data rate are derived. It is shown that the derivation of minimum AMEP can be simplified if either one or massive antennas are allocated for sending artificial noise. The analytical results are compared to Monte-Carlo simulation results to verify the feasibility of the proposed schemes. It is also revealed that covert throughput can be further improved by setting system parameters properly, e.g., the number of antennas at BS and artificial noise transmit power.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Automotive Engineering
- Aerospace Engineering
- Electrical and Electronic Engineering
- Applied Mathematics