Phosphoserine-binding modules help determine the specificity of signal transduction events. One such module, the group IV WW domain, plays an essential role in targeting the phosphorylation-specific prolyl isomerase Pin1 to its substrates. These modules require Ser/Thr phosphorylation of their ligands for binding activity. However, phosphorylation of these modules and its functional significance have not been described, nor is it known whether the function of Pin1 is regulated. Here we show that Pin1 WW domain is phosphorylated on Ser16 both in vitro and in vivo. Further, this phosphorylation regulates the ability of the WW domain to mediate Pin1 substrate interaction and cellular localization. Moreover, both Pin1 and WW domain mutants refractory to Ser16 phosphorylation act as dominant-negative mutants to induce mitotic block and apoptosis and increase multinucleated cells with 8 N DNA content. Thus, phosphorylation is a new mechanism critical for regulating WW domain phosphoserine binding activity and Pin1 function.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Molecular Biology
- Cell Biology