CuAg nanoparticles formed in situ on electrochemically pre-anodized screen-printed carbon electrodes for the detection of nitrate and nitrite anions

Nai Chang Lo, I-Wen Sun, Po Yu Chen

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Abstract

CuAg nanoparticles (CuAgNPs) were electrochemically formed in situ on pre-anodized, screen-printed carbon electrodes (SPCEs) that possessed many oxygen-containing functional groups capable of adsorbing metal ions, namely Cu2+ and Ag+. Pre-anodization was achieved using continuous cyclic voltammetry in the range of potential 0.3–2.0 V under a scan rate of 50 mV/s. Cu2+ and Ag+ ions were adsorbed on the pre-anodized SPCE by immersing the electrode in solutions containing both metal ions, and then CuAgNPs were formed in situ via electrochemical reduction in a deaerated, neat NaClO4 solution after the electrode was ultrasonicated to remove physically adsorbed metal ions. Although CuNPs showed higher activity than AgNPs toward both nitrate (NO3 ) and nitrite (NO2 ) ions, the instability of CuNPs hindered the application, so CuAgNPs were employed to achieve a compromise between sensitivity and stability. The SPCE/anodized/CuAgNP electrodes showed activity toward the electrochemical reduction of NO3 and NO2 , respectively, with the limit of detection (LOD) of 15.6 μM (0.97 ppm) and 11.1 μM (0.51 ppm), which is sufficient to fit the allowed values (50 and 3 ppm, respectively) in drinking water as suggested by the World Health Organization (WHO).

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)982-988
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of the Chinese Chemical Society
Volume65
Issue number8
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2018 Aug 1

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Nitrites
Nitrates
Anions
Carbon
Nanoparticles
Electrodes
Metal ions
Ions
Drinking Water
Functional groups
Cyclic voltammetry
Health
Oxygen

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Chemistry(all)

Cite this

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title = "CuAg nanoparticles formed in situ on electrochemically pre-anodized screen-printed carbon electrodes for the detection of nitrate and nitrite anions",
abstract = "CuAg nanoparticles (CuAgNPs) were electrochemically formed in situ on pre-anodized, screen-printed carbon electrodes (SPCEs) that possessed many oxygen-containing functional groups capable of adsorbing metal ions, namely Cu2+ and Ag+. Pre-anodization was achieved using continuous cyclic voltammetry in the range of potential 0.3–2.0 V under a scan rate of 50 mV/s. Cu2+ and Ag+ ions were adsorbed on the pre-anodized SPCE by immersing the electrode in solutions containing both metal ions, and then CuAgNPs were formed in situ via electrochemical reduction in a deaerated, neat NaClO4 solution after the electrode was ultrasonicated to remove physically adsorbed metal ions. Although CuNPs showed higher activity than AgNPs toward both nitrate (NO3 −) and nitrite (NO2 −) ions, the instability of CuNPs hindered the application, so CuAgNPs were employed to achieve a compromise between sensitivity and stability. The SPCE/anodized/CuAgNP electrodes showed activity toward the electrochemical reduction of NO3 − and NO2 −, respectively, with the limit of detection (LOD) of 15.6 μM (0.97 ppm) and 11.1 μM (0.51 ppm), which is sufficient to fit the allowed values (50 and 3 ppm, respectively) in drinking water as suggested by the World Health Organization (WHO).",
author = "Lo, {Nai Chang} and I-Wen Sun and Chen, {Po Yu}",
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T1 - CuAg nanoparticles formed in situ on electrochemically pre-anodized screen-printed carbon electrodes for the detection of nitrate and nitrite anions

AU - Lo, Nai Chang

AU - Sun, I-Wen

AU - Chen, Po Yu

PY - 2018/8/1

Y1 - 2018/8/1

N2 - CuAg nanoparticles (CuAgNPs) were electrochemically formed in situ on pre-anodized, screen-printed carbon electrodes (SPCEs) that possessed many oxygen-containing functional groups capable of adsorbing metal ions, namely Cu2+ and Ag+. Pre-anodization was achieved using continuous cyclic voltammetry in the range of potential 0.3–2.0 V under a scan rate of 50 mV/s. Cu2+ and Ag+ ions were adsorbed on the pre-anodized SPCE by immersing the electrode in solutions containing both metal ions, and then CuAgNPs were formed in situ via electrochemical reduction in a deaerated, neat NaClO4 solution after the electrode was ultrasonicated to remove physically adsorbed metal ions. Although CuNPs showed higher activity than AgNPs toward both nitrate (NO3 −) and nitrite (NO2 −) ions, the instability of CuNPs hindered the application, so CuAgNPs were employed to achieve a compromise between sensitivity and stability. The SPCE/anodized/CuAgNP electrodes showed activity toward the electrochemical reduction of NO3 − and NO2 −, respectively, with the limit of detection (LOD) of 15.6 μM (0.97 ppm) and 11.1 μM (0.51 ppm), which is sufficient to fit the allowed values (50 and 3 ppm, respectively) in drinking water as suggested by the World Health Organization (WHO).

AB - CuAg nanoparticles (CuAgNPs) were electrochemically formed in situ on pre-anodized, screen-printed carbon electrodes (SPCEs) that possessed many oxygen-containing functional groups capable of adsorbing metal ions, namely Cu2+ and Ag+. Pre-anodization was achieved using continuous cyclic voltammetry in the range of potential 0.3–2.0 V under a scan rate of 50 mV/s. Cu2+ and Ag+ ions were adsorbed on the pre-anodized SPCE by immersing the electrode in solutions containing both metal ions, and then CuAgNPs were formed in situ via electrochemical reduction in a deaerated, neat NaClO4 solution after the electrode was ultrasonicated to remove physically adsorbed metal ions. Although CuNPs showed higher activity than AgNPs toward both nitrate (NO3 −) and nitrite (NO2 −) ions, the instability of CuNPs hindered the application, so CuAgNPs were employed to achieve a compromise between sensitivity and stability. The SPCE/anodized/CuAgNP electrodes showed activity toward the electrochemical reduction of NO3 − and NO2 −, respectively, with the limit of detection (LOD) of 15.6 μM (0.97 ppm) and 11.1 μM (0.51 ppm), which is sufficient to fit the allowed values (50 and 3 ppm, respectively) in drinking water as suggested by the World Health Organization (WHO).

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