Recent evidence indicating that phthalates promote cancer development, including cell proliferation, migration, and invasion, has raised public health concerns. Here, we show that bis(2-ethylhexyl) phthalate promotes the migration, invasion, and epithelial-mesenchymal transition of hepatocellular carcinoma cells. In addition, bis(2-ethylhexyl) phthalate increased the proportion of cancer stem cell (CSC)-like cells and stemness maintenance in vitro as well as tumor growth and metastasis in vivo. The various activities of curcumin, including anticancer, anti-inflammation, antioxidation, and immunomodulation, have been investigated extensively. Curcumin suppressed phthalate-induced cell migration, invasion, and epithelial-mesenchymal transition, decreased the proportion of CSC-like cells in hepatocellular carcinoma cell lines in vitro, and inhibited tumor growth and metastasis in vivo. We also reveal that curcumin suppressed phthalate-induced migration, invasion, and CSC-like cell maintenance through inhibition of the aryl hydrocarbon receptor/ERK/SK1/S1P3 signaling pathway. Our results suggest that curcumin may be a potential antidote for phthalate-induced cancer progression.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Agricultural and Biological Sciences(all)