Curing conditions of polyarylacetylene prepolymers to obtain thermally resistant materials

Wei Chieh Tseng, Yun Chen, Geng Wen Chang

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

37 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Prepolymers of polyarylacetylene (PAA) were synthesized from 1,4-diethynylbenzene using nickel catalyst (C20, C25, and C30) or by direct thermal polymerization (T48). Their curing behaviors were investigated in detail to determine the proper curing conditions that lead to high char yields in cured PAA resins. Dynamic and isothermal differential scanning calorimetry (DSC) measurements were employed to investigate the curing conditions of the prepolymers. Dynamic DSC study reveals that exothermic heat starts at about 120 °C, reaches to a maximum at 210 °C, and ends around 300 °C. Moreover, step isothermal DSC investigation (at 120, 160, 200, 250, and 300 °C; 1 h for each temperature) shows that the major curing occurs at 160 °C, 200 °C and 250 °C, with more than 85% of the acetylene groups reacted. Using this step-curing conditions, very high thermal resistance is realized on C30, with thermal decomposition temperature (at 10% weight loss) and char yield (at 800 °C) being 686 °C and 86%, respectively. Current results indicate that highly thermal resistant PAA resins are obtainable using step curing of PAA prepolymers synthesized by Ni-catalyzed reaction.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2149-2156
Number of pages8
JournalPolymer Degradation and Stability
Volume94
Issue number12
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2009 Dec

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Polymers and Plastics
  • Materials Chemistry

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