Current status of biohydrogen production from lignocellulosic biomass, technical challenges and commercial potential through pyrolysis process

Wei Hsin Chen, Wasif Farooq, Muhammad Shahbaz, Salman Raza Naqvi, Imtiaz Ali, Tareq Al-Ansari, Nor Aishah Saidina Amin

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

5 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Hydrogen (H2) is considered as a zero-emission fuel when produced through biomass pyrolysis. The objective of this review article is to analyze the potential of the pyrolysis process in terms of H2 yield, the maturity of technology, current challenges, future perspective, and its commercialization potential. This review article has three folds. Firstly, a comprehensive overview of the technical state-of-the-art analysis of biohydrogen production from biomass pyrolysis process is presented. Secondly, the technical and critical review of both the conventional fast and slow pyrolysis for H2 production from the viewpoint of mechanisms, catalysts, reactors, and process parameters is provided. Thirdly, the technical readiness level for bio-oil, char, and H2 production is presented. Finaly, challenges and future prospectives are highlighted for further research for researchers and the networking of stakeholders for commercialization to guide policymakers, investors, and commercial enterprises.

Original languageEnglish
Article number120433
JournalEnergy
Volume226
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2021 Jul 1

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Civil and Structural Engineering
  • Building and Construction
  • Modelling and Simulation
  • Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment
  • Fuel Technology
  • Energy Engineering and Power Technology
  • Pollution
  • Energy(all)
  • Mechanical Engineering
  • Industrial and Manufacturing Engineering
  • Management, Monitoring, Policy and Law
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering

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