Device-to-device (D2D) communications has become a pivotal piece to complete the puzzle of future generation of wireless communication systems. The enabling technology for the D2D communications lies in its discovery mechanism. Plenty of works have been proposed to enhance the efficiency of direct D2D discovery without network assistance. Generally, the main idea of these works is to avoid unnecessary collisions during the discovery period. However, owing to the limited resources for D2D discovery, the effectiveness of the collision avoidance based schemes is always restricted. Instead, we aim to make the discovery beacon robust against collisions. To achieve this, the cyclic block spreading (CBS) scheme is proposed to spreading the beacon over multiple subframes without widening the bandwidth and the need of redesigning the beacon. That means that solely minor modification of specification is required. The simulation and analytic results show that using the CBS direct discovery scheme, the performance in terms of outage probability, collision rate and time periods for complete discovery can be significantly improved.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Computer Science Applications
- Electrical and Electronic Engineering
- Applied Mathematics