Cyclophilin A (CyPA), secreted by vascular smooth muscle cells in response to oxidative stress, is important in the pathogenesis of progressive peripheral arterial occlusion disease (PAOD), which is common among chronic kidney disease. We explored the prevalence of PAOD in Taiwan's elderly (≥ 65 years old) population and its association with CyPA and renal function. Residents of Tianliao District, a rural community in southern Taiwan, were surveyed. An ankle-brachial index (ABI) < 0.91 was defined as PAOD. Chronic kidney disease (CKD) was defined based on eGFR levels < 60 mL/min/1.73m 2. Serum CyPA was measured. Of the 473 participants, 68 (14.4%) had PAOD. Multiple logistic regression analysis showed PAOD was significantly associated with lower eGFR, lower BMI, higher glycated hemoglobin and higher pulse pressure. Serum CyPA levels in participants with PAOD were significantly higher than those with normal ABI values (47.3 ± 0.4 vs. 25.5 ± 0.2 ng/mL, p < 0.001). Moreover, eGFR inversely correlated with serum CyPA level (p < 0.05) in participants with CKD, but not in participants with normal renal function. In conclusion, with a prevalence of PAOD as high as 14.4% in an elderly community, CyPA might be the link between PAOD and advanced impaired renal function.
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