Background and Purpose: Mental retardion (MR), defined as having an IQ of less than 70, is percent in approximately 2 to 3 % of the population. Data on chromosomal abnormalities, an important cause of MR, are limited in the Taiwanese literature. This study evaluated the frequency and pattern of chromosomal abnormalities in school children with MR in southern Taiwan. Methods: Peripheral blood samples of 419 children were collected from November 1999 to January 2003. Those with Prader-Willi syndrome (PWS), Angelman syndrome (AS) or fragile-X syndrome were excluded from the study. Metaphase chromosome preparations were obtained from peripheral blood cultures, and trypsin-giemsa (GTG) for cases whose karyotypes could not be determined by conventional cytogenetic analysis. Results: Of the 419 enrollees with MR, 10 had mild MR, while most had moderate to profound MR. Chromosomal abnormalities were found in 22.43 % of the cases, with trisomy 21 being the major chomosomal abnormality, occurring in 77 cases (18.38 %, 77/419 cases). Sex chromosome aneuploidies were found in 3 cases (0.72 %, 3/419 cases). Structural abnormalities of autosomes were found in 13 cases (3.10 %, 13/419 cases), including deletion, markers, unbalanced translocations, and inversions. One subject was found to have monosomy 20 mosaicism (0.24 %, 1/419). Conclusions: Chromosomal abnormalities occurred in a high proportion of mentally retarded school children from southern Taiwan, with trisomy 21 being the most prevalent. These findings indicated the need for increased attention to prenatal, perinatal and postnatal screening in this population.
|Number of pages||7|
|Journal||Journal of the Formosan Medical Association|
|Publication status||Published - 2004 Mar 1|
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes