Background and Aim: This multinational (Taiwan, South Korea, Russia) phase 3 study evaluated the all-oral, ribavirin-free, fixed-dose combination (DCV-TRIO) of daclatasvir (NS5A inhibitor) 30 mg, asunaprevir (NS3 inhibitor) 200 mg, and beclabuvir (NS5B inhibitor) 75 mg, in patients with chronic hepatitis C virus genotype-1 infection, with or without compensated cirrhosis. Methods: UNITY-4 (NCT02170727) was an open-label, two-cohort study in which 169 patients, treatment-naive (n = 138) or treatment-experienced (n = 31), received twice-daily DCV-TRIO for 12 weeks with 24 weeks of post-treatment follow-up. The primary efficacy end point was sustained virologic response at post-treatment week 12 (SVR12) in treatment-naive patients. Results: Eighty-eight (52%) patients were men, 81 (48%) Taiwanese, 78 (46%) Korean, and 10 (6%) Russian; 23 (14%) had compensated cirrhosis, and 52 (31%) were IL28B (rs1297860) non-CC genotype. Baseline resistance-associated NS5A polymorphisms (L31 and/or Y93) were detected in 25/165 (15%) patients with available genotype-1 sequencing data. SVR12 was achieved by 98.6% (136/138; 95% confidence interval: 94.9–99.8%) of treatment-naive and 100% (31/31; 95% confidence interval: 88.8–100%) of treatment-experienced patients. Both virologic failures were found to be infected with hepatitis C virus genotype-6g; 100% SVR12 was observed for genotype-1a (n = 8) and genotype-1b (n = 157). Two patients experienced serious adverse events. Eight (5%) patients experienced reversible grade 3/4 alanine aminotransferase or aspartate aminotransferase elevations, leading to discontinuation in four (2%); all achieved SVR12. There were no grade 3/4 total bilirubin increases and no deaths. Conclusions: Twelve weeks of DCV-TRIO was well tolerated and provided 100% SVR12 in treatment-naive and treatment-experienced patients with genotype-1 infection, with or without cirrhosis, including those with baseline NS5A-L31 or NS5A-Y93 resistance-associated substitutions.
|Number of pages||8|
|Journal||Journal of Gastroenterology and Hepatology (Australia)|
|Publication status||Published - 2017 Dec|
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