Databases and prospects of dynamic gene regulation in eukaryotes: A mini review

Chi Nga Chow, Chien Wen Yang, Wen Chi Chang

Research output: Contribution to journalShort surveypeer-review

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

In eukaryotes, dynamic regulation enables DNA polymerases to catalyze a variety of RNA products in spatial and temporal patterns. Dynamic gene expression is regulated by transcription factors (TFs) and epigenetics (DNA methylation and histone modification). The applications of biochemical technology and high-throughput sequencing enhance the understanding of mechanisms of these regulations and affected genomic regions. To provide a searchable platform for retrieving such metadata, numerous databases have been developed based on the integration of genome-wide maps (e.g., ChIP-seq, whole-genome bisulfite sequencing, RNA-seq, ATAC-seq, DNase-seq, and MNase-seq data) and functionally genomic annotation. In this mini review, we summarize the main functions of TF-related databases and outline the prevalent approaches used in inferring epigenetic regulations, their associated genes, and functions. We review the literature on crosstalk between TF and epigenetic regulation and the properties of non-coding RNA regulation, which are challenging topics that promise to pave the way for advances in database development.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2147-2159
Number of pages13
JournalComputational and Structural Biotechnology Journal
Volume21
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2023 Jan

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Biotechnology
  • Biophysics
  • Structural Biology
  • Biochemistry
  • Genetics
  • Computer Science Applications

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