Day-night active photocatalysts obtained through effective incorporation of Au@CuxS nanoparticles onto ZnO nanowalls

Kuan Yi Kuo, Shih Hsiu Chen, Po Hsuan Hsiao, Jui Teng Lee, Chia Yun Chen

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

15 Citations (Scopus)


Photocatalytic degradation of organic dyes has been considered one of the promising solutions that enabled to effectively treat the demanding pollutants in wastewater. Yet, insight into the photocatalytic process under both illumination and dark conditions were hitherto missing. Herein, by virtue of incorporating the core-shell Au@CuxS nanoparticles to the ZnO nanowalls synthesized via all-solution synthesis, the intriguing heterostructures allowed to trigger the extraordinary capability of dye degradation either under light irradiance or dark environment. It was found that the coexistence of bi-constituted Cu2S/CuS shells on Au nanoparticles obtained with turning the concentrations of sulfurization acted as the decisive role on day-night active degradation performance, where the degradation efficiency was more than 8.3 times beyond sole ZnO sheets. The mediation of remarkable visible-light absorption and efficient charge separation due to band alignment of heterojunctions were responsible for the improved photodegradation efficiency under visible illuminations. Moreover, at dark environment, the involving peroxidase-like activity of CuxS shells with the mediation of Au nanoparticles facilitated the catalytic formation of hydroxyl radicals, manifesting the oxidative degradation of MB dye. Such all-day active photocatalysts further displayed the capability for the recycling treatment of MB dye, which offered the pathways to potentially treat the organic wastewater.

Original languageEnglish
Article number126674
JournalJournal of Hazardous Materials
Publication statusPublished - 2022 Jan 5

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Environmental Engineering
  • Environmental Chemistry
  • Waste Management and Disposal
  • Pollution
  • Health, Toxicology and Mutagenesis


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