Requirements of compressed sensing techniques targeted at miniaturized hyperspectral satellite applications include lightweight onboard hardware, high-speed sensing, low sampling rate for compressing the massive volume of typical hyperspectral data, and noise robustness for reliable data transmission to the ground station. We achieve all these aims via deep learning, and neural networks resulted from which can be implemented on-chip, thereby allowing light hardware implementation. Our neural networks were trained from small-scaled data, but, even so, the resulting encoder achieves a very low sampling rate and very high speed. Unlike typical network training, the input-output pairs are not square but stripe-like images, partly because compressed acquisition does not allow performing compression after obtaining complete data cube and partly because stripe-like acquisition well matches the popular pushbroom hyperspectral sensing schemes. Even with such hard restriction caused by nontraditional training, the resulting decoder still reconstructs the image with high accuracy. To match the requirement of pushbroom sensing, a lightweight encoder is proposed to compress the stripe-like images immediately. Meanwhile, multiscale feature fusion block (MFB) and aggregation (MFA) modules are proposed to form our decoder for enhancing the feature representation of the compressed acquisitions. Furthermore, we achieve joint spatial/spectral super-resolution (SR) progressively, ensuring accurate hyperspectral reconstruction via a low-rank-driven decoder. The encoder and decoder are trained in an end-to-end manner, where noise robustness is forced during the training stage. Comprehensive experiments demonstrate the superiority of the proposed hyperspectral compressed sensing method, as well as its one-shot transfer learning (OTL)-based extension, both quantitatively and qualitatively.
|Number of pages||17|
|Journal||IEEE Transactions on Geoscience and Remote Sensing|
|Publication status||Published - 2021 Sept 1|
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Electrical and Electronic Engineering
- Earth and Planetary Sciences(all)