Deep Eutectic Solvent Based on Lithium Bis[(trifluoromethyl)sulfonyl] Imide (LiTFSI) and 2,2,2-Trifluoroacetamide (TFA) as a Promising Electrolyte for a High Voltage Lithium-Ion Battery with a LiMn2O4Cathode

Thai T.A. Dinh, Tuyen T.K. Huynh, Linh T.M. Le, Tuyen T.T. Truong, Oanh H. Nguyen, Kieu T.T. Tran, Man V. Tran, Phuong Hoang Tran, Watchareeya Kaveevivitchai, Phung M.L. Le

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

To design safe and electrochemically stable electrolytes for lithium-ion batteries, this study describes the synthesis and the utilization of new deep eutectic solvents (DESs) based on the mixture of 2,2,2-trifluoroacetamide (TFA) with a lithium salt (LiTFSI, lithium bis[(trifluoromethane)sulfonyl]imide). These prepared DESs were characterized in terms of thermal properties, ionic conductivity, viscosity, and electrochemical properties. Based on the appearance of the product and DSC measurements, it appears that this system is liquid at room temperature for LiTFSI mole fraction ranging from 0.25 to 0.5. At χLiTFSI = 0.25, DESs exhibited favorable electrolyte properties, such as thermal stability (up to 148 °C), relatively low viscosity (42.2 mPa.s at 30 °C), high ionic conductivity (1.5 mS.cm-1 at 30 °C), and quite large electrochemical stability window up to 4.9-5.3 V. With these interesting properties, selected DES was diluted with slight amount of ethylene carbonate (EC). Different amounts of EC (x = 0-30 %wt) were used to form hybrid electrolytes for battery testing with high voltage LiMn2O4 cathode and Li anode. The addition of the EC solvent into DES expectedly aims at enhancing the battery cycling performance at room temperature due to reducing the viscosity. Preliminary results tests clearly show that LiTFSI-based DES can be successfully introduced as an electrolyte in the lithium-ion batteries cell with a LiMn2O4 cathode material. Among all of the studied electrolytes, DES (LiTFSI: TFA = 4:1 + 10 %wt EC) is the most promising. The EC-based system exhibited a good specific capacity of 102 mAh.g-1 at C/10 with the theoretical capacity of 148 mAh.g-1 and a good cycling behavior maintaining at 84% after 50 cycles.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)23843-23853
Number of pages11
JournalACS Omega
Volume5
Issue number37
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2020 Sep 22

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Chemistry(all)
  • Chemical Engineering(all)

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'Deep Eutectic Solvent Based on Lithium Bis[(trifluoromethyl)sulfonyl] Imide (LiTFSI) and 2,2,2-Trifluoroacetamide (TFA) as a Promising Electrolyte for a High Voltage Lithium-Ion Battery with a LiMn<sub>2</sub>O<sub>4</sub>Cathode'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this