Deep Learning-Based Decoding of Linear Block Codes for Spin-Torque Transfer Magnetic Random Access Memory

Xingwei Zhong, Kui Cai, Zhen Mei, Tony Q.S. Quek

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Thanks to its superior features of fast read/write speed and low power consumption, spin-torque transfer magnetic random access memory (STT-MRAM) has become a promising non-volatile memory (NVM) technology that is suitable for many applications. However, the reliability of STT-MRAM is seriously affected by the variation of the memory fabrication process and the working temperature, and the later will lead to an unknown offset of the channel. Hence, there is a pressing need to develop more effective error correction coding techniques to tackle these imperfections and improve the reliability of STT-MRAM. In this work, we propose, for the first time, the application of deep-learning (DL)-based algorithms and techniques to improve the decoding performance of linear block codes with short codeword lengths for STT-MRAM. We formulate the belief propagation (BP) decoding of linear block code as a neural network (NN) and propose a novel neural normalized-offset reliability-based min-sum (RB-MS) (NNORB-MS) decoding algorithm. We successfully apply our proposed decoding algorithm to the STT-MRAM channel through channel symmetrization to overcome the channel asymmetry. We also propose an NN-based soft information generation method (SIGM) to take into account the unknown offset of the channel. Simulation results demonstrate that our proposed NNORB-MS decoding algorithm can achieve significant performance gain over both the hard-decision decoding (HDD) and the regular RB-MS decoding algorithm, for cases without and with the unknown channel offset. Moreover, the decoder structure and time complexity of the NNORB-MS algorithm remain similar to those of the regular RB-MS algorithm.

Original languageEnglish
Article number9186087
JournalIEEE Transactions on Magnetics
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 2021 Feb

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering


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