Dental cement's biological and mechanical properties improved by ZnO nanospheres

Thi Minh Thu Nguyen, Pei Wen Wang, Hsiu-Ming Hsu, Fong Yu Cheng, Dar-Bin Shieh, Dung-Yau Wang, Hsin Ju Chang

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

Metal oxide nanoparticles are a new class of important materials used in a wide variety of biomedical applications. Bulk zinc oxide (ZnO) particles have been used for temporal or permanent luting cement because of their excellent mechanical strength and biocompatibility. ZnO nanoparticles have distinct optical and antibacterial properties and a high surface-to-volume ratio. We investigated the mechanical and antibacterial properties of luting cement with different ratios of ZnO nanospheres. We showed that luting cement with 5% and 10% ZnO nanospheres was less soluble in low-pH (pH 3) artificial saliva. Antibacterial activity was 40% higher for Streptococcus mutans and 90% higher for Porphyromonas gingivalis when >10% (w/v) of the bulk particles were replaced with ZnO nanospheres in ZnO polycarboxylate cement. ZnO nanospheres were also biocompatible with mammalian cells. Additionally, the compressive strength was 1.2 times greater and the diametral tensile strength was 1.5 times greater for cements with 10% ZnO nanospheres than for conventional ZnO polycarboxylate cement. We propose a new method for improving dental luting cement by integrating it with ZnO nanospheres. This method simultaneously adds their greater antibacterial, mechanical, and acid resistance properties and retains an outstanding degree of biocompatibility.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)116-123
Number of pages8
JournalMaterials Science and Engineering C
Volume97
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2019 Apr 1

Fingerprint

Dental cement
Dental Cements
Zinc Oxide
Nanospheres
cements
Zinc oxide
zinc oxides
mechanical properties
Mechanical properties
Cements
Polycarboxylate Cement
biocompatibility
Biocompatibility
Acid resistance
Artificial Saliva
streptococcus
Nanoparticles
saliva
Bone cement
nanoparticles

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Materials Science(all)
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Mechanical Engineering

Cite this

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title = "Dental cement's biological and mechanical properties improved by ZnO nanospheres",
abstract = "Metal oxide nanoparticles are a new class of important materials used in a wide variety of biomedical applications. Bulk zinc oxide (ZnO) particles have been used for temporal or permanent luting cement because of their excellent mechanical strength and biocompatibility. ZnO nanoparticles have distinct optical and antibacterial properties and a high surface-to-volume ratio. We investigated the mechanical and antibacterial properties of luting cement with different ratios of ZnO nanospheres. We showed that luting cement with 5{\%} and 10{\%} ZnO nanospheres was less soluble in low-pH (pH 3) artificial saliva. Antibacterial activity was 40{\%} higher for Streptococcus mutans and 90{\%} higher for Porphyromonas gingivalis when >10{\%} (w/v) of the bulk particles were replaced with ZnO nanospheres in ZnO polycarboxylate cement. ZnO nanospheres were also biocompatible with mammalian cells. Additionally, the compressive strength was 1.2 times greater and the diametral tensile strength was 1.5 times greater for cements with 10{\%} ZnO nanospheres than for conventional ZnO polycarboxylate cement. We propose a new method for improving dental luting cement by integrating it with ZnO nanospheres. This method simultaneously adds their greater antibacterial, mechanical, and acid resistance properties and retains an outstanding degree of biocompatibility.",
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Dental cement's biological and mechanical properties improved by ZnO nanospheres. / Nguyen, Thi Minh Thu; Wang, Pei Wen; Hsu, Hsiu-Ming; Cheng, Fong Yu; Shieh, Dar-Bin; Wang, Dung-Yau; Chang, Hsin Ju.

In: Materials Science and Engineering C, Vol. 97, 01.04.2019, p. 116-123.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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