Depressive symptoms and nutritional status in the frail older adults

Chia Te Chen, Heng Hsin Tung, Yen Chin Chen, Huan-Fang Lee, Chung Jen Wang, Wei-Hung Lin

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Objectives: The purpose of this study is to determine the relationship between depressive symptoms and nutritional status in the frail older adults. Methods: This study uses a cross-sectional, descriptive, and correlational design. A questionnaire was used to collect demographic data, and the Taiwan International Physical Activity Questionnaire Form Geriatric Depression Scale-Short Form Charlson Comorbidity Index, and Mini-Nutritional Assessment Short-Form were used to measure depression and nutritional status, respectively. Data were analyzed by independent-t tests, chi-square tests, spearman correlations, and multiple linear regressions. Results: Of the total of 94 frail older adults, 17 (18.09%) had depressive symptoms (GDS > 5). The average MNA-SF score was 11.38 (SD = 2.45), 31 (32.98%) participants had a risk of malnutrition and 12 (12.77%) were malnourished. Participants’ reports of dissatisfaction with their lives (72.1%) and feeling terrible about their lives (58.14%) were associated with a risk of malnutrition. Elderly age, multiple comorbidities, and high level of depressive symptoms were at increased risk of malnutrition. Conclusion: When clinicians are faced with a high-risk group, such as elderly patients with multiple comorbidities and depressive symptoms, they should perform an immediate assessment of nutritional status. If a risk of malnutrition is found, adequate nutrition and health care should be provided.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)96-100
Number of pages5
JournalArchives of gerontology and geriatrics
Volume83
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2019 Jul 1

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Frail Elderly
Nutritional Status
Depression
comorbidity
Malnutrition
Comorbidity
questionnaire
geriatrics
Nutrition Assessment
nutrition
Chi-Square Distribution
Taiwan
Geriatrics
Linear Models
health care
Emotions
regression
Demography
Exercise
Delivery of Health Care

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Health(social science)
  • Ageing
  • Gerontology
  • Geriatrics and Gerontology

Cite this

Chen, Chia Te ; Tung, Heng Hsin ; Chen, Yen Chin ; Lee, Huan-Fang ; Wang, Chung Jen ; Lin, Wei-Hung. / Depressive symptoms and nutritional status in the frail older adults. In: Archives of gerontology and geriatrics. 2019 ; Vol. 83. pp. 96-100.
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abstract = "Objectives: The purpose of this study is to determine the relationship between depressive symptoms and nutritional status in the frail older adults. Methods: This study uses a cross-sectional, descriptive, and correlational design. A questionnaire was used to collect demographic data, and the Taiwan International Physical Activity Questionnaire Form Geriatric Depression Scale-Short Form Charlson Comorbidity Index, and Mini-Nutritional Assessment Short-Form were used to measure depression and nutritional status, respectively. Data were analyzed by independent-t tests, chi-square tests, spearman correlations, and multiple linear regressions. Results: Of the total of 94 frail older adults, 17 (18.09{\%}) had depressive symptoms (GDS > 5). The average MNA-SF score was 11.38 (SD = 2.45), 31 (32.98{\%}) participants had a risk of malnutrition and 12 (12.77{\%}) were malnourished. Participants’ reports of dissatisfaction with their lives (72.1{\%}) and feeling terrible about their lives (58.14{\%}) were associated with a risk of malnutrition. Elderly age, multiple comorbidities, and high level of depressive symptoms were at increased risk of malnutrition. Conclusion: When clinicians are faced with a high-risk group, such as elderly patients with multiple comorbidities and depressive symptoms, they should perform an immediate assessment of nutritional status. If a risk of malnutrition is found, adequate nutrition and health care should be provided.",
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Depressive symptoms and nutritional status in the frail older adults. / Chen, Chia Te; Tung, Heng Hsin; Chen, Yen Chin; Lee, Huan-Fang; Wang, Chung Jen; Lin, Wei-Hung.

In: Archives of gerontology and geriatrics, Vol. 83, 01.07.2019, p. 96-100.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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