Deriving seismic fragility curves for sheet-pile wharves using finite element analysis

Yung-Yen Ko, Ho Hsiung Yang

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Seismic fragility curves represent the seismic vulnerability of structures and are used to quickly evaluate structural damage in earthquakes. In this study, seismic fragility analyses for the sheet-pile wharves of Port of Hualien, Taiwan were performed. Representative earthquakes in Taiwan were scaled to various levels of peak ground acceleration (PGA)as the input motions. Nonlinear finite element analyses were performed using PLAXIS 2D for the seismic responses of sheet-pile wharves, and the modelling approach was verified to be satisfactory by simulating a 1-g scale-model shaking table test. According to the thresholds of the displacement of sheet-pile wall for different damage states, the conditional exceedance probabilities of each damage state at various PGA levels, namely, the fragility curves, were obtained. They were approximated by lognormal cumulative distribution function and were parameterized for rapid estimate of earthquake loss. Furthermore, the damage probabilities of the studied sheet-pile wharves during a ML 6.2 earthquake occurred in Hualien in 2018 were estimated using the parameterized fragility curves, and a realistic result was obtained.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)265-277
Number of pages13
JournalSoil Dynamics and Earthquake Engineering
Volume123
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2019 Aug 1

Fingerprint

finite element analysis
earthquakes
Piles
Earthquakes
pile
Finite element method
earthquake
damage
Taiwan
PLAXIS
cumulative distribution
shaking table test
Seismic response
seismic response
Distribution functions
vulnerability
analysis
modeling
testing

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Civil and Structural Engineering
  • Geotechnical Engineering and Engineering Geology
  • Soil Science

Cite this

@article{7c4409c0a81441eea314267ac5c74593,
title = "Deriving seismic fragility curves for sheet-pile wharves using finite element analysis",
abstract = "Seismic fragility curves represent the seismic vulnerability of structures and are used to quickly evaluate structural damage in earthquakes. In this study, seismic fragility analyses for the sheet-pile wharves of Port of Hualien, Taiwan were performed. Representative earthquakes in Taiwan were scaled to various levels of peak ground acceleration (PGA)as the input motions. Nonlinear finite element analyses were performed using PLAXIS 2D for the seismic responses of sheet-pile wharves, and the modelling approach was verified to be satisfactory by simulating a 1-g scale-model shaking table test. According to the thresholds of the displacement of sheet-pile wall for different damage states, the conditional exceedance probabilities of each damage state at various PGA levels, namely, the fragility curves, were obtained. They were approximated by lognormal cumulative distribution function and were parameterized for rapid estimate of earthquake loss. Furthermore, the damage probabilities of the studied sheet-pile wharves during a ML 6.2 earthquake occurred in Hualien in 2018 were estimated using the parameterized fragility curves, and a realistic result was obtained.",
author = "Yung-Yen Ko and Yang, {Ho Hsiung}",
year = "2019",
month = "8",
day = "1",
doi = "10.1016/j.soildyn.2019.05.014",
language = "English",
volume = "123",
pages = "265--277",
journal = "Soil Dynamics and Earthquake Engineering",
issn = "0267-7261",
publisher = "Elsevier BV",

}

Deriving seismic fragility curves for sheet-pile wharves using finite element analysis. / Ko, Yung-Yen; Yang, Ho Hsiung.

In: Soil Dynamics and Earthquake Engineering, Vol. 123, 01.08.2019, p. 265-277.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

TY - JOUR

T1 - Deriving seismic fragility curves for sheet-pile wharves using finite element analysis

AU - Ko, Yung-Yen

AU - Yang, Ho Hsiung

PY - 2019/8/1

Y1 - 2019/8/1

N2 - Seismic fragility curves represent the seismic vulnerability of structures and are used to quickly evaluate structural damage in earthquakes. In this study, seismic fragility analyses for the sheet-pile wharves of Port of Hualien, Taiwan were performed. Representative earthquakes in Taiwan were scaled to various levels of peak ground acceleration (PGA)as the input motions. Nonlinear finite element analyses were performed using PLAXIS 2D for the seismic responses of sheet-pile wharves, and the modelling approach was verified to be satisfactory by simulating a 1-g scale-model shaking table test. According to the thresholds of the displacement of sheet-pile wall for different damage states, the conditional exceedance probabilities of each damage state at various PGA levels, namely, the fragility curves, were obtained. They were approximated by lognormal cumulative distribution function and were parameterized for rapid estimate of earthquake loss. Furthermore, the damage probabilities of the studied sheet-pile wharves during a ML 6.2 earthquake occurred in Hualien in 2018 were estimated using the parameterized fragility curves, and a realistic result was obtained.

AB - Seismic fragility curves represent the seismic vulnerability of structures and are used to quickly evaluate structural damage in earthquakes. In this study, seismic fragility analyses for the sheet-pile wharves of Port of Hualien, Taiwan were performed. Representative earthquakes in Taiwan were scaled to various levels of peak ground acceleration (PGA)as the input motions. Nonlinear finite element analyses were performed using PLAXIS 2D for the seismic responses of sheet-pile wharves, and the modelling approach was verified to be satisfactory by simulating a 1-g scale-model shaking table test. According to the thresholds of the displacement of sheet-pile wall for different damage states, the conditional exceedance probabilities of each damage state at various PGA levels, namely, the fragility curves, were obtained. They were approximated by lognormal cumulative distribution function and were parameterized for rapid estimate of earthquake loss. Furthermore, the damage probabilities of the studied sheet-pile wharves during a ML 6.2 earthquake occurred in Hualien in 2018 were estimated using the parameterized fragility curves, and a realistic result was obtained.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=85065568193&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=85065568193&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1016/j.soildyn.2019.05.014

DO - 10.1016/j.soildyn.2019.05.014

M3 - Article

VL - 123

SP - 265

EP - 277

JO - Soil Dynamics and Earthquake Engineering

JF - Soil Dynamics and Earthquake Engineering

SN - 0267-7261

ER -