A magnetic field measurement system based on an array of Hall sensors is proposed. The sensors are fabricated using conventional microelectromechanical systems (MEMS) techniques and consist of a P-type silicon substrate, a silicon dioxide isolation layer, a phosphide-doped cross-shaped detection zone, and gold signal leads. When placed within a magnetic field, the interaction between the local magnetic field produced by the working current and the external magnetic field generates a measurable Hall voltage from which the strength of the external magnetic field is then derived. Four Hall sensors are fabricated incorporating cross-shaped detection zones with an identical aspect ratio (2.625) but different sizes (S, M, L, and XL). For a given working current, the sensitivities and response times of the four devices are found to be almost the same. However, the offset voltage increases with the increasing size of the detection zone. A3 x 3 array of sensors is assembled into a 3D-printed frame and used to determine the magnetic field distributions of a single magnet and a group of three magnets, respectively. The results show that the constructed 2D magnetic field contour maps accurately reproduce both the locations of the individual magnets and the distributions of the magnetic fields around them.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Control and Systems Engineering
- Mechanical Engineering
- Electrical and Electronic Engineering