Design of photobioreactors for algal cultivation

Hong Wei Yen, I. Chen Hu, Chun Yen Chen, Dillirani Nagarajan, Jo Shu Chang

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

54 Citations (Scopus)


Microalgal biomass is considered a promising energy feedstock with multifaceted applications in the production of sustainable biofuels, nutraceuticals, and health supplements. Commercial-scale cultivation of microalgae is an indispensable part of the biomass generation process and photobioreactors play a vital role in the efficient production of microalgal biomass in the most profitable way. This chapter presents comprehensive information on the characteristics of microalgae cultivation, as well as the key factors and challenges for the phototrophic process. The design principle of photobioreactor (PBR) for achieving a highly efficient cultivation is summarized, and the pros and cons of both the open and the closed photobioreactors are discussed. Current industrial-scale microalgal cultivation methods used in biofuel production companies are also presented. The objective of this chapter is to provide useful knowledge and updated information with regard to the design of PBR for microalgae cultivation with critical evaluations of those systems to facilitate the future development of microalgae industry.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationBiomass, Biofuels, Biochemicals
Subtitle of host publicationBiofuels from Algae, Second Edition
Number of pages32
ISBN (Electronic)9780444641922
ISBN (Print)9780444642141
Publication statusPublished - 2018 Jan 1

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • General Engineering
  • General Chemical Engineering


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