Determination of degree of RBC agglutination for blood typing using a small quantity of blood sample in a microfluidic system

Yaw Jen Chang, Ching Yuan Ho, Xin Miao Zhou, Hsiu Rong Yen

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

4 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Blood typing assay is a critical test to ensure the serological compatibility of a donor and an intended recipient prior to a blood transfusion. This paper presents a microfluidic blood typing system using a small quantity of blood sample to determine the degree of agglutination of red blood cell (RBC). Two measuring methods were proposed: impedimetric measurement and electroanalytical measurement. The charge transfer resistance in the impedimetric measurement and the power parameter in the electroanalytical measurement were used for the analysis of agglutination level. From the experimental results, both measuring methods provide quantitative results, and the parameters are linearly and monotonically related to the degree of RBC agglutination. However, the electroanalytical measurement is more reliable than the impedimetric technique because the impedimetric measurement may suffer from many influencing factors, such as chip conditions. Five levels from non-agglutination (level 0) to strong agglutination (level 4+) can be discriminated in this study, conforming to the clinical requirement to prevent any risks in transfusion.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)234-241
Number of pages8
JournalBiosensors and Bioelectronics
Volume102
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2018 Apr 15

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Biotechnology
  • Biophysics
  • Biomedical Engineering
  • Electrochemistry

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