Determining relative density of sands from CPT using fuzzy sets

C. H. Juang, X. H. Huang, R. D. Holtz, J. W. Chen

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

25 Citations (Scopus)


Significant discrepancy exists among the available correlations that are commonly used for determining relative density using cone penetration test (CPT) data. These correlations recognize the difference in sand compressibility and its effect on CPT data. Experience has indicated that compressibility is not a well-defined parameter. Current knowledge on the subject of sand compressibility and its effect on CPT data is limited and qualitative. A new approach that aggregates some of the available correlations for the determination of relative density using CPT data is developed. The new approach uses a weighting scheme that relates the compressibility, measured by friction ratio and expressed as a fuzzy number, to the base correlations. Field CPT data are used to examine and demonstrate the new approach. Results of the limited cases studied show that relative density can be determined reliably from CPT data using the proposed model.

Original languageEnglish
Article number5992
Pages (from-to)1-6
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of Geotechnical Engineering
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 1996 Jan

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Geotechnical Engineering and Engineering Geology
  • Environmental Science(all)


Dive into the research topics of 'Determining relative density of sands from CPT using fuzzy sets'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this