In this study, a pressurized, water‐filled impedance tube (WFIT) was developed to measure the reflection coefficients of sound‐absorbing materials under various hydrostatic pressures. The developed WFIT was calibrated using a two‐microphone, three‐parameter calibration method (3PCM). The accuracy and repeatability of the measured reflection coefficients for the water–air interface in the WFIT were determined by comparing these coefficients with corresponding theoretical reflection coefficients. The WFIT was then used to measure the acoustic reflection coefficient of a porous rubber specimen on three dates, and the corresponding measurement results exhibited satisfactory repeatability. The aforementioned impedance tube was also used to measure the reflection coefficient of a porous rubber specimen under a hydrostatic pressure of 4 Patm three times on the same day, and one time each on three days, using the same experimental setup and measurement procedure. The results obtained in the aforementioned tests also exhibited satisfactory repeatability. Finally, the WFIT was used to measure the reflection coefficients of porous rubber specimens with various thicknesses under different hydrostatic pressures. The results of this study indicate that the developed WFIT calibrated with the 3PCM can achieve suitable repeatability in the measurement of the reflection coefficients of sound‐absorbing materials under various hydrostatic pressures.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Analytical Chemistry
- Information Systems
- Atomic and Molecular Physics, and Optics
- Electrical and Electronic Engineering