A new, simple and sensitive high-performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) method with fluorescence detection was developed and validated for the determination of vardenafil in small volumes of rat plasma and bile. The absorbance and fluorescence characteristics of vardenafil were studied and factors that affect the HPLC resolution and fluorescence intensity were examined and optimized. Vardenafil and the internal standard cisapride were extracted using acetonitrile. The separation was achieved on a C18 column at 35 °C using acetonitrile-50 mM ammonium acetate aqueous solution (pH 6.8) (40:60) as mobile phase. At a flow rate of 1 ml/min, the total run time was 18 min. Fluorescence was measured with excitation and emission set at 280 and 470 nm, respectively. The calibration curves were linear from 10 to 1000 ng/ml and 0.2-100 μg/ml for plasma and bile samples, respectively. The intra- and inter-day imprecision did not exceed 10.8%, and the accuracy was within 9.6% deviation of the nominal concentration. The method was used successfully to investigate the disposition and biliary excretion of vardenafil in rats.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Analytical Chemistry
- Organic Chemistry