Development in a high-stability of an optical fiber refractometer using path-matching differential interferometry

Yu-Lung Lo, Steven Hsin-Yi Lai, Wern Cheng Wang

Research output: Contribution to journalConference article

Abstract

The paper presents a new approach to develop an optical fiber refractometer. The objective of the study is to come up with a relatively inexpensive but reliable optical refractometer that can be used to measure the change of refractive index in a resolution of 10-5 and to work in a dynamic range up to 6×10-3 at a DC frequency up to 100 Hz. It is known that the phase modulations of optical fiber sensors are very sensitive to external disturbances, especially to the effects of thermal drifts or vibrations. A cancellation technique to compensate the effect of variation on a PZT stack is proposed in this paper to stabilize the system. Two parallel Fabry-Perot sensing cavities corresponding to two path-matching cavities for read-out systems are employed to form path-matching differential interferometries (PMDI). One Fabry-Perot cavity is used as sensing head, and the other as reference sensor. As a result, the experimental data show that the changed of refractive index of a so designed sensing system can be kept in at the level of 10-4 without any serious variations even for a three-hour long-term monitoring. Accordingly, the proposed new system can be easily implemented and used as a long-term monitoring system in medical care environment.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)614-621
Number of pages8
JournalProceedings of SPIE - The International Society for Optical Engineering
Volume3897
Publication statusPublished - 1999 Dec 1
EventProceedings of the 1999 Advanced Photonic Sensors and Applications - Singapore, Singapore
Duration: 1999 Nov 301999 Dec 3

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Computer Science Applications
  • Applied Mathematics
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering

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