Development of a three-dimensional aviation unusual weather detection system based on the use of ADS-B 1090MHz data

Hao Wei Peng, Shau Shiun Jan

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

Unusual weather conditions, such as low level wind shear, downdraft and clear-air turbulence, are potential hazards for aviation operations. The current aviation unusual weather detection systems used around airports utilize several ground-based meteorological monitoring stations to observe the weather information. However, these systems, such as of the low level wind shear alert system (LLWAS), can only detect the unusual weather near the ground surface level. It is thus necessary to improve current aviation unusual weather detection systems. In this paper we propose using aircraft ADS-B Mode-S ES data to develop a vertical weather profile to augment the current aviation unusual weather detection system, and by doing so all aircrafts with ADS-B systems can serve as our weather sensors in the air, and thus a three-dimensional aviation unusual weather detection system can be established. As a result, the objective of this work is the evaluation of the correlation between the decoded ADS-B data and the unusual weather conditions. This paper first conducts the necessary transformations of the decoded ADS-B data to the weather parameters. After these transformations and adjustments of the parameters derived from ADS-B Mode-S ES data, their feasibilities for use with the unusual weather detection algorithms are analyzed. In addition, the abnormal movements of the aircraft observed from the decoded ADS-B data might be interpreted as possible turbulence. Therefore, the observed abnormal movements of aircraft are validated using the turbulence alert messages from pilot reports. Finally, the results of using a three-dimensional aviation unusual weather detection system prototype based on the ADS-B data are presented in this paper.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationInstitute of Navigation International Technical Meeting 2016, ITM 2016
PublisherThe Institute of Navigation
Pages564-572
Number of pages9
ISBN (Electronic)9781510821613
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2016 Jan 1
EventInstitute of Navigation International Technical Meeting 2016, ITM 2016 - Monterey, United States
Duration: 2016 Jan 252016 Jan 28

Publication series

NameInstitute of Navigation International Technical Meeting 2016, ITM 2016
Volume2

Other

OtherInstitute of Navigation International Technical Meeting 2016, ITM 2016
CountryUnited States
CityMonterey
Period16-01-2516-01-28

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Aerospace Engineering
  • Computer Science Applications
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering
  • Ocean Engineering
  • Transportation

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  • Cite this

    Peng, H. W., & Jan, S. S. (2016). Development of a three-dimensional aviation unusual weather detection system based on the use of ADS-B 1090MHz data. In Institute of Navigation International Technical Meeting 2016, ITM 2016 (pp. 564-572). (Institute of Navigation International Technical Meeting 2016, ITM 2016; Vol. 2). The Institute of Navigation. https://doi.org/10.33012/2016.13435