Alloys, in which the main constituents are palladium and titanium, have the following potential advantages for dental application: corrosion resistance, biocompatibility and acceptable casting temperatures for porcelainfused-to-metal dental prostheses. Alloy compositions chosen for investigation were as follows: 30 w/o Ti which lies in the 5% single-phase region near TiPd, 50 w/o Ti which lies near the 1120°C melting temperature minimum of the Pd-Ti system, and 70% Ti which minimizes Pd content while still in a relatively low melting range (1300°C). Analysis of the X-ray diffraction of 70%Pd30%Ti showed mostly PdTi with some Pd5Ti3; in 50%Pd50%Ti mostly PdTi2 was observed with some PdTi; in 30%Pd70%Ti mostly PdTi2 was found with some alpha Ti and PdTi4. The amounts of the minor phases in each of the 3 alloys depended on heat treatment. The Knoop hardness of the alloys ranged from 300-500 KHN for the as-melted condition; after heat treatment the maximum hardness values were 400 KHN. After centrifugal casting, hardness values increased to a range of 350 to 560 KHN, depending on composition. These values exceed those obtained for the pure metals which were in the neighborhood of 100 KHN. From anodic potentiodynamic scans the breakdown potentials in Ringer's solution for 70%Pd30%Ti, 50%Pd50%Ti and 30%Pd70%Ti were 600, 650 and 500 (SCE); the repassivation potentials for the same alloys are 450, 300 and 350 (SCE), respectively. These are all above oral potential. The Pd-Ti system investigated was, thus, found to have adequate corrosion resistance and hardness. Therefore, it can be considered of good potential as a dental prosthetic alloy.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Materials Science(all)
- Mechanics of Materials