A structure is developed to help improve the TCO/p contact and efficiency of the solar cell. A pin amorphous silicon (a-Si:H) solar cell with high-conversion efficiency is presented via use of a double p-type window layer composed of microcrystalline silicon and amorphous silicon carbide. The best efficiency is obtained for a glass/textured TCO/p-μc-Si:H/p-a-SiC:H/buffer/i- a-Si:H/n-μc-Si:H/GZO/Ag structure. Using a SnO2/GZO bi-layer and a p-type hydrogenated microcrystalline silicon (p-μc-Si:H) layer between the TCO/p-a-SiC:H interface improves the photovoltaic performance due to reduction of the surface potential barrier. Layer thickness, B2H 6/SiH4 ratio and hydrogen dilution ratio of the p-μc-Si:H layer are studied experimentally. It is clearly shown that the double window layer can improve solar cell efficiency. An initial conversion efficiency of 10.63% is achieved for the a-Si:H solar cell.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
- Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment
- Surfaces, Coatings and Films