Difference in attenuation among Mn, As, and Fe in riverbed sediments

Saikat Sengupta, Ondra Sracek, Jiin-Shuh Jean, Huai-Jen Yang, Chung Ho Wang, Sandeep Kar, Ondra Babek, Chi Yuh Lee, Suvendu Das

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

2 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

We report, for the first time, a detailed study at river water and hyporheic zone systems through collection and analyses of shallow sediments and selected source rocks, pore water, and river water from forty-two locations at the Chianan Plain (CP), SW Taiwan. The study was focused to understand the possible changes in the river water and sediment chemistry as a consequence of high arsenic (mean ± SD = 71.28 ± 16.24 μg/L, n = 46) groundwater discharge to three major rivers in the plain. The study shows, except few locations, As concentration in river sediments corresponds to average As concentration in soil and upper crustal abundance and of source rock. Sequential extraction indicates that As is mostly bound to FeOOH. No enrichment of arsenic in river sediments or depletion of aqueous As and iron in pore water was observed down to the maximum sampling depth of 1.7 m although manganese is enriched in sediments. Dissolved As concentrations in the river sediments are much lower compared to the hotspots in the CP aquifers. This suggests that no As attenuation processes are active or they cannot be detected in this zone. Mn precipitates at higher redox level compared to Fe and As and thus attenuates in the studied zone.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)277-289
Number of pages13
JournalJournal of Hazardous Materials
Volume341
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2018 Jan 5

Fingerprint

Rivers
fluvial deposit
Sediments
river water
sediment
source rock
arsenic
Water
porewater
sediment chemistry
hyporheic zone
Groundwater
Arsenic
water chemistry
manganese
Rocks
aquifer
iron
Manganese
groundwater

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Environmental Engineering
  • Environmental Chemistry
  • Waste Management and Disposal
  • Pollution
  • Health, Toxicology and Mutagenesis

Cite this

Sengupta, Saikat ; Sracek, Ondra ; Jean, Jiin-Shuh ; Yang, Huai-Jen ; Wang, Chung Ho ; Kar, Sandeep ; Babek, Ondra ; Lee, Chi Yuh ; Das, Suvendu. / Difference in attenuation among Mn, As, and Fe in riverbed sediments. In: Journal of Hazardous Materials. 2018 ; Vol. 341. pp. 277-289.
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Sengupta, S, Sracek, O, Jean, J-S, Yang, H-J, Wang, CH, Kar, S, Babek, O, Lee, CY & Das, S 2018, 'Difference in attenuation among Mn, As, and Fe in riverbed sediments', Journal of Hazardous Materials, vol. 341, pp. 277-289. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jhazmat.2017.07.028

Difference in attenuation among Mn, As, and Fe in riverbed sediments. / Sengupta, Saikat; Sracek, Ondra; Jean, Jiin-Shuh; Yang, Huai-Jen; Wang, Chung Ho; Kar, Sandeep; Babek, Ondra; Lee, Chi Yuh; Das, Suvendu.

In: Journal of Hazardous Materials, Vol. 341, 05.01.2018, p. 277-289.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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AU - Sengupta, Saikat

AU - Sracek, Ondra

AU - Jean, Jiin-Shuh

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AU - Wang, Chung Ho

AU - Kar, Sandeep

AU - Babek, Ondra

AU - Lee, Chi Yuh

AU - Das, Suvendu

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N2 - We report, for the first time, a detailed study at river water and hyporheic zone systems through collection and analyses of shallow sediments and selected source rocks, pore water, and river water from forty-two locations at the Chianan Plain (CP), SW Taiwan. The study was focused to understand the possible changes in the river water and sediment chemistry as a consequence of high arsenic (mean ± SD = 71.28 ± 16.24 μg/L, n = 46) groundwater discharge to three major rivers in the plain. The study shows, except few locations, As concentration in river sediments corresponds to average As concentration in soil and upper crustal abundance and of source rock. Sequential extraction indicates that As is mostly bound to FeOOH. No enrichment of arsenic in river sediments or depletion of aqueous As and iron in pore water was observed down to the maximum sampling depth of 1.7 m although manganese is enriched in sediments. Dissolved As concentrations in the river sediments are much lower compared to the hotspots in the CP aquifers. This suggests that no As attenuation processes are active or they cannot be detected in this zone. Mn precipitates at higher redox level compared to Fe and As and thus attenuates in the studied zone.

AB - We report, for the first time, a detailed study at river water and hyporheic zone systems through collection and analyses of shallow sediments and selected source rocks, pore water, and river water from forty-two locations at the Chianan Plain (CP), SW Taiwan. The study was focused to understand the possible changes in the river water and sediment chemistry as a consequence of high arsenic (mean ± SD = 71.28 ± 16.24 μg/L, n = 46) groundwater discharge to three major rivers in the plain. The study shows, except few locations, As concentration in river sediments corresponds to average As concentration in soil and upper crustal abundance and of source rock. Sequential extraction indicates that As is mostly bound to FeOOH. No enrichment of arsenic in river sediments or depletion of aqueous As and iron in pore water was observed down to the maximum sampling depth of 1.7 m although manganese is enriched in sediments. Dissolved As concentrations in the river sediments are much lower compared to the hotspots in the CP aquifers. This suggests that no As attenuation processes are active or they cannot be detected in this zone. Mn precipitates at higher redox level compared to Fe and As and thus attenuates in the studied zone.

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