Differences in cross modulation of physiological tremor in pianists and nonmusicians.

Yi Ching Chen, Zong Ru Yang, Meng Lin Hsu, Ing Shiou Hwang

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Citations (Scopus)


The study was undertaken to investigate the contralateral overflow effect on physiological tremors in pianists and nonmusicians. Group differences in cross modulation on underlying finger fractionated movement were characterized. Physiological tremors of the right index, middle, ring, and little fingers were recorded in 12 right-handed pianists and 12 matched nonmusician controls; meanwhile, two contralateral resistance protocols (unilateral handgrip using the left hand at slight and maximal efforts) were randomly conducted. Digit tremors of the control and pianist groups were differentially modulated with the resistance protocols. An increase in gripping force led to cross excitations over 8-12 Hz digit tremors and interdigit tremor coupling for the nonmusicians. An opposite cross effect was noted for the pianists, who exhibited significant tremor suppression and the release of interdigit tremor coupling. Further analysis of tremor dynamics revealed that contralateral gripping reduced the complexity of digit tremors of the pianists but added to the tremor complexity of the nonmusicians. Cross modulation on digit tremors suggests that pianists could centrally suppress unintended motor excitation across the midline. When the opposite hand is active, pianists have superior finger independence that allows them to achieve artistic aspects of musical performance.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1707-1715
Number of pages9
JournalMedicine and science in sports and exercise
Issue number9
Publication statusPublished - 2011

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Orthopedics and Sports Medicine
  • Physical Therapy, Sports Therapy and Rehabilitation


Dive into the research topics of 'Differences in cross modulation of physiological tremor in pianists and nonmusicians.'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this