Differences of ballet turns (Pirouette) performance between experienced and novice ballet dancers

Chia Wei Lin, Shing Jye Chen, Fong Chin Su, Hong Wen Wu, Cheng Feng Lin

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

24 Citations (Scopus)


Purpose: This study investigated the different postural control strategies exhibited by experienced and novice dancers in ballet turns (pirouettes). Method: Thirteen novice and 13 experienced dancers performed ballet turns with dominant-leg support. The peak push force was measured in the double-leg support phase. The inclination angles of rotation axis with respect to vertical axis were calculated in the early single-leg support phase as well as the initiation sequence of ankle, knee, and hip joints on the supporting leg. Moreover, the anchoring index of the head was computed in the transverse plane during turning. Results: The novice dancers applied a greater push force, an increased inclination angle of rotation axis, and an insufficient proximal-to-distal extension sequence pattern. The novice dancers also had a smaller head-anchoring index compared with experienced dancers, which meant novice dancers were not using a space target as a stability reference. Conclusions: A poorer performance in novice dancers could result from higher push force in propulsion, lack of a "proximal-to-distal extension sequence" pattern, and lack of visual spotting for postural stability. Training on sequential initiation of lower-extremity joints and rehearsal of visual spotting are essential for novice dancers to obtain better performance on ballet turns. © 2014

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)330-340
Number of pages11
JournalResearch Quarterly for Exercise and Sport
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - 2014

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Orthopedics and Sports Medicine
  • Physical Therapy, Sports Therapy and Rehabilitation
  • Nephrology


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