Differential cytokine levels between early withdrawal and remission states in patients with alcohol dependence

Che Hung Yen, Pei Shen Ho, Yi Wei Yeh, Chih Sung Liang, Shin Chang Kuo, Chang Chih Huang, Chun Yen Chen, Mei Chen Shih, Kuo Hsing Ma, Yueh Feng Sung, Ru-Band Lu, San Yuan Huang

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

9 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Alcohol dependence (AD) leads to altered innate and adaptive immune responses, and frequently co-occurs with inflammation. Therefore, inflammatory cytokines potentially play a crucial role in the development of alcohol-related illnesses. This study evaluated changes in plasma cytokine concentrations, liver function, cravings, depression severity, and cognitive function in male patients with AD, during the course of an alcohol-detoxification program. A total of 78 male patients with AD were recruited for a conservative detoxification program; and cytokine levels, depressive score, and cognitive impairment applying the Trail Making Test (TMT) were evaluated during early withdrawal (baseline) and after 4 weeks of abstinence from alcohol. Healthy volunteers (86 males) were also recruited as controls. Inflammatory cytokine expression in all participants was assessed by multiplex magnetic bead assay. AD patients during early withdrawal demonstrated higher cytokine levels than the healthy controls (P ≤ 0.001 for all cytokines). However, the levels of cytokine expression were significantly lower after 4 weeks of abstinence from alcohol (P ≤ 0.001, except for IL-1β and IL-5). Higher liver function marker levels, depressive severity, and TMT times were observed in patients at the beginning of the detoxification program than in healthy controls. Fortunately, these functions significantly ameliorated after 4 weeks of abstinence. (P ≤ 0.001). Levels of circulating cytokines, liver function, and cognitive function may markers of alcohol use disorder.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)183-191
Number of pages9
JournalPsychoneuroendocrinology
Volume76
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2017 Feb 1

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Alcoholism
Cytokines
Alcohol Abstinence
Trail Making Test
Alcohols
Cognition
Liver
Interleukin-5
Adaptive Immunity
Interleukin-1
Innate Immunity
Healthy Volunteers
Depression
Inflammation

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism
  • Endocrinology
  • Endocrine and Autonomic Systems
  • Psychiatry and Mental health
  • Biological Psychiatry

Cite this

Yen, Che Hung ; Ho, Pei Shen ; Yeh, Yi Wei ; Liang, Chih Sung ; Kuo, Shin Chang ; Huang, Chang Chih ; Chen, Chun Yen ; Shih, Mei Chen ; Ma, Kuo Hsing ; Sung, Yueh Feng ; Lu, Ru-Band ; Huang, San Yuan. / Differential cytokine levels between early withdrawal and remission states in patients with alcohol dependence. In: Psychoneuroendocrinology. 2017 ; Vol. 76. pp. 183-191.
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Yen, CH, Ho, PS, Yeh, YW, Liang, CS, Kuo, SC, Huang, CC, Chen, CY, Shih, MC, Ma, KH, Sung, YF, Lu, R-B & Huang, SY 2017, 'Differential cytokine levels between early withdrawal and remission states in patients with alcohol dependence', Psychoneuroendocrinology, vol. 76, pp. 183-191. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.psyneuen.2016.10.015

Differential cytokine levels between early withdrawal and remission states in patients with alcohol dependence. / Yen, Che Hung; Ho, Pei Shen; Yeh, Yi Wei; Liang, Chih Sung; Kuo, Shin Chang; Huang, Chang Chih; Chen, Chun Yen; Shih, Mei Chen; Ma, Kuo Hsing; Sung, Yueh Feng; Lu, Ru-Band; Huang, San Yuan.

In: Psychoneuroendocrinology, Vol. 76, 01.02.2017, p. 183-191.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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AU - Lu, Ru-Band

AU - Huang, San Yuan

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